In recent decades, multilateral environmental treaties have proliferated and required rationalization of international environmental management. Developing countries have also been increasingly pressured to include environmental issues in trade negotiations. But the most important advancement in environmental management has been the development of new judicial principles at the international level. For example, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development incorporated Principle 7 on common but differentiated responsibilities. It recognizes that industrialized nations owe their developing counterparts an environmental debt.
Today, the world faces environmental problems that were once strictly scientific or technocratic. Today, these problems are almost exclusively political and are largely influenced by human attitudes. While they are intrinsically human problems, they are also inextricably tied to the question of what it means to be human. And in the process, the answers to these questions are not as obvious as they were years ago.
One of the most pronounced environmental issues is lead pollution, whose effects are less visible than those of acid rain. Lead is a toxic heavy metal that damages the nerve system. Children are especially susceptible to lead poisoning, but luckily, countries around the world are making progress in this regard. In 2003, the convention on air pollution was updated and heavy metal emissions reduced. It is possible to solve all global environmental issues, but only if we act now.
There are other global environmental problems, like climate change and the destruction of the ozone layer. Global environmental problems must be addressed within an overall policy framework that promotes a robust version of sustainable development. Global environmental problems should be categorised according to their scale, time and prospects for technological solutions. But how do we go about doing this? Here are some ideas. Once you have a clear understanding of the problem and the potential solutions, you can formulate a more effective strategy.